用Delphi编写系统进程监控程序

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所属分类:[开发技巧]

本程序通过调用kernel32.dll中的几个API 函数,搜索并列出系统中除本进程外的所有进程的ID、对应的文件说明符、优先级、CPU占有率、线程数、相关进程信息等有关信息,并可中止所选进程。
  本程序运行时会在系统托盘区加入图标,不会出现在按Ctrl+Alt+Del出现的任务列表中,也不会在任务栏上显示任务按钮,在不活动或最小化时会自动隐藏。不会重复运行,若程序已经运行,再想运行时只会激活已经运行的程序。
本程序避免程序反复运行的方法是比较独特的。因为笔者在试用网上介绍一些方法后,发现程序从最小化状态被激活时,单击窗口最小化按钮时,窗口却不能最小化。于是笔者采用了发送和处理自定义消息的方法。在程序运行时先枚举系统中已有窗口,若发现程序已经运行,就向该程序窗口发送自定义消息,然后结束。已经运行的程序接到自定义消息后显示出窗口。

//工程文件procviewpro.dpr
program procviewpro;

uses
Forms, windows, messages, main in 'procview.pas' {Form1};

{$R *.RES}
{
//这是系统自动的
begin
Application.Initialize;
Application.Title :='系统进程监控';
Application.CreateForm(TForm1, Form1);
Application.Run;
end.
}

var
myhwnd:hwnd;

begin
myhwnd := FindWindow(nil, '系统进程监控'); // 查找窗口
if myhwnd=0 then // 没有发现,继续运行
begin
Application.Initialize;
Application.Title :='系统进程监控';
Application.CreateForm(TForm1, Form1);
Application.Run;
end
else //发现窗口,发送鼠标单击系统托盘区消息以激活窗口
postmessage(myhwnd,WM_SYSTRAYMSG,0,wm_lbuttondown);
{
//下面的方法的缺点是:若窗口原先为最小化状态,激活后单击窗口最小化按钮将不能最小化窗口
showwindow(myhwnd,sw_restore);
FlashWindow(MYHWND,TRUE);
}
end.

{
//下面是使用全局原子的方法避免程序反复运行
const
atomstr='procview';

var
atom:integer;
begin
if globalfindatom(atomstr)=0 then
begin
atom:=globaladdatom(atomstr);
with application do
begin
Initialize;
Title := '系统进程监控';
CreateForm(TForm1, Form1);
Run;
end;
globaldeleteatom(atom);
end;
end.
}

//单元文件procview.pas
unit procview;

interface

uses
Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Classes, Graphics, Controls, Forms, Dialogs,
StdCtrls, TLHelp32,Buttons, ComCtrls, ExtCtrls,ShellAPI, MyFlag;

const
PROCESS_TERMINATE=0;
SYSTRAY_ID=1;
WM_SYSTRAYMSG=WM_USER+100;

type
TForm1 = class(TForm)
lvSysProc: TListView;
lblSysProc: TLabel;
lblAboutProc: TLabel;
lvAboutProc: TListView;
lblCountSysProc: TLabel;
lblCountAboutProc: TLabel;
Panel1: TPanel;
btnDetermine: TButton;
btnRefresh: TButton;
lblOthers: TLabel;
lblEmail: TLabel;
MyFlag1: TMyFlag;
procedure btnRefreshClick(Sender: TObject);
procedure btnDetermineClick(Sender: TObject);
procedure lvSysProcClick(Sender: TObject);
procedure FormCreate(Sender: TObject);
procedure AppOnMinimize(Sender:TObject);
procedure FormClose(Sender: TObject; var Action: TCloseAction);
procedure FormDeactivate(Sender: TObject);
procedure lblEmailClick(Sender: TObject);
procedure FormResize(Sender: TObject);
private
{ Private declarations }
fshandle:thandle;
FormOldHeight,FormOldWidth:Integer;
procedure SysTrayOnClick(var message:TMessage);message WM_SYSTRAYMSG;
public
{ Public declarations }
end;

var
Form1: TForm1;
idid: dword;
fp32:tprocessentry32;
fm32:tmoduleentry32;
SysTrayIcon:TNotifyIconData;

implementation

{$R *.DFM}

function RegisterServiceProcess(dwProcessID,dwType:integer):integer;stdcall;external 'KERNEL32.DLL';

procedure TForm1.btnRefreshClick(Sender: TObject);
var
clp:bool;
newitem1:Tlistitem;
MyIcon:TIcon;

IconIndex:word;
ProcFile : array[0..MAX_PATH] of char;

begin
MyIcon:=TIcon.create;
lvSysProc.Items.clear;
lvSysProc.SmallImages.clear;
fshandle:=CreateToolhelp32Snapshot(th32cs_snapprocess,0);
fp32.dwsize:=sizeof(fp32);
clp:=process32first(fshandle,fp32);
IconIndex:=0;
while integer(clp)<>0 do
begin
if fp32.th32processid<>getcurrentprocessid then
begin
newitem1:=lvSysProc.items.add;
{
newitem1.caption:=fp32.szexefile;
MyIcon.Handle:=ExtractIcon(Form1.Handle,fp32.szexefile,0);
}

StrCopy(ProcFile,fp32.szExeFile);
newitem1.caption:=ProcFile;
MyIcon.Handle:=ExtractAssociatedIcon(HINSTANCE,ProcFile,IconIndex);

if MyIcon.Handle<>0 then
begin
with lvSysProc do
begin
NewItem1.ImageIndex:=smallimages.addicon(MyIcon);
end;
end;
with newitem1.subitems do
begin
add(IntToHex(fp32.th32processid,4));
Add(IntToHex(fp32.th32ParentProcessID,4));
Add(IntToHex(fp32.pcPriClassBase,4));
Add(IntToHex(fp32.cntUsage,4));
Add(IntToStr(fp32.cntThreads));
end;
end;
clp:=process32next(fshandle,fp32);
end;
closehandle(fshandle);
lblCountSysProc.caption:=IntToStr(lvSysProc.items.count);
MyIcon.Free;
end;

procedure TForm1.btnDetermineClick(Sender: TObject);
var
processhndle:thandle;
begin
with lvSysProc do
begin
if selected=nil then
begin
messagebox(form1.handle,'请先选择要终止的进程!','操作提示',MB_OK+MB_ICONINFORMATION);
end
else
begin
if messagebox(form1.handle,pchar('终止'+itemfocused.caption+'?')
,'终止进程',mb_yesno+MB_ICONWARNING+MB_DEFBUTTON2)=mryes then
begin
idid:=strtoint('$'+itemfocused.subitems[0]);
processhndle:=openprocess(PROCESS_TERMINATE,bool(0),idid);
if integer(terminateprocess(processhndle,0))=0 then
messagebox(form1.handle,pchar('不能终止'+itemfocused.caption+'!')
,'操作失败',mb_ok+MB_ICONERROR)
else
begin
Selected.Delete;
lvAboutProc.Items.Clear;
lblCountSysProc.caption:=inttostr(lvSysProc.items.count);
lblCountAboutProc.caption:='';
end
end;
end;
end;
end;

procedure TForm1.lvSysProcClick(Sender: TObject);
var
newitem2:Tlistitem;
clp:bool;
begin
if lvSysProc.selected<>nil then
begin
idid:=strtoint('$'+lvSysProc.itemfocused.subitems[0]);
lvAboutProc.items.Clear;
fshandle:=CreateToolhelp32Snapshot(th32cs_snapmodule,idid);
fm32.dwsize:=sizeof(fm32);
clp:=Module32First(fshandle,fm32);
while integer(clp)<>0 do
begin
newitem2:=lvAboutProc.Items.add;
with newitem2 do
begin
caption:=fm32.szexepath;
with newitem2.subitems do
begin
add(IntToHex(fm32.th32moduleid,4));
add(IntToHex(fm32.GlblcntUsage,4));
add(IntToHex(fm32.proccntUsage,4));
end;
end;
clp:=Module32Next(fshandle,fm32);
end;
closehandle(fshandle);
lblCountAboutProc.Caption:=IntToStr(lvAboutProc.items.count);
end
end;

procedure TForm1.FormCreate(Sender: TObject);
begin
with application do
begin
showwindow(handle,SW_HIDE); //隐藏任务栏上的任务按钮
OnMinimize:=AppOnMinimize; //最小化时自动隐藏
OnDeactivate:=FormDeactivate; //不活动时自动隐藏
OnActivate:=btnRefreshClick;
end;
RegisterServiceProcess(GetcurrentProcessID,1); //将程序注册为系统服务程序,以避免出现在任务列表中
with SysTrayIcon do
begin
cbSize:=sizeof(SysTrayIcon);
wnd:=Handle;
uID:=SYSTRAY_ID;
uFlags:=NIF_ICON or NIF_MESSAGE or NIF_TIP;
uCallBac
kMessage:=WM_SYSTRAYMSG;
hIcon:=Application.Icon.Handle;
szTip:='系统进程监控';
end;
Shell_NotifyIcon(NIM_ADD,@SysTrayIcon); //将程序图标加入系统托盘区
with lvSysProc do
begin
SmallImages:=TImageList.CreateSize(16,16);
SmallImages.ShareImages:=True;
end;
FormOldWidth:=self.Width;
FormOldHeight:=self.Height;
end;

//最小化时自动隐藏
procedure Tform1.AppOnMinimize(Sender:TObject);
begin
ShowWindow(application.handle,SW_HIDE);
end;

//响应鼠标在系统托盘区图标上点击
procedure tform1.SysTrayOnClick(var message:TMessage);
begin
with message do
begin
if (lparam=wm_lbuttondown) or (lparam=wm_rbuttondown) then
begin
application.restore;
SetForegroundWindow(Handle);
showwindow(application.handle,SW_HIDE);
end;
end;
end;

procedure TForm1.FormClose(Sender: TObject; var Action: TCloseAction);
begin
Shell_NotifyIcon(NIM_Delete,@SysTrayIcon); //取消系统托盘区图标
RegisterServiceProcess(GetcurrentProcessID,0); //取消系统服务程序的注册
lvSysProc.SmallImages.Free;
end;

//不活动时自动隐藏
procedure TForm1.FormDeactivate(Sender: TObject);
begin
application.minimize;
end;

procedure TForm1.lblEmailClick(Sender: TObject);
begin
if ShellExecute(Handle,'Open',Pchar('Mailto:purpleendurer@163.com'),nil,nil,SW_SHOW)<33 then
MessageBox(form1.Handle,'无法启动电子邮件软件!','我很遗憾',MB_ICONINFORMATION+MB_OK);
end;

//当窗体大小改变时调整各组件位置
procedure TForm1.FormResize(Sender: TObject);
begin
with panel1 do top:=top+self.Height-FormOldHeight;
with lvSysProc do
begin
width:=width+self.Width-FormOldWidth;
end;

with lvAboutProc do
begin
height:=height+self.Height-FormOldHeight;
width:=width+self.Width-FormOldWidth;
end;
FormOldWidth:=self.Width;
FormOldHeight:=self.Height;
end;

end.

  以上程序在Delphi 2,Windows 95中文版和Delphi 5,Windows 97中文版中均能正常编译和运行。

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